Top 10 Longest Rivers In The World
A river is a natural stream of freshwater which discharges into the ocean, seas, major lakes and desert basins. A river might have its source in spring, lakes, a glacier or marsh. They are known as the primary channel or the largest distributaries in the drainage system. Rivers are extremely important in shaping the history of the world.
Most of the ancient civilizations have developed and flourished along the largest rivers on earth. The rivers have been a major part of many battles and empires. Thousands of gallons of water flow through the land and rushes towards the sea.
Well, it can become a tough job to measure the different largest and biggest rivers in the world by volume and km and this is why the measurements of most of the rivers are in approximations. In fact, there are disagreements among people and a lot of people are not sure whether the Amazon or the Nile is the longest river in the world.
These differences are because of the disparities on where the source and mouth of the rivers are located. But in our list of longest and widest major rivers in the world, we will focus on offering you an authentic list of the longest rivers without any disparities. Here is the list of the top 10 longest rivers in the world.
Top 10 Best Largest, Fastest, Widest, Biggest And Longest Rivers In The World
#1. The Nile River
This one is top among the largest and biggest rivers in the world by volume and km which completes a journey of 4258 miles before meeting with the Mediterranean Sea in Egypt. It forms a vast delta in the meeting place and it drains almost 10% of the African continent.
The Nile comes with only two tributaries, the White Nile and the Blue Nile. The White Nile originates in Rwanda and the Blue Nile has its source in Ethiopia. Both the tributaries will meet up at Sudan. This river is the source of water for more than 11 countries. The people of Egypt develop their crops with the help from this river and it has resulted in a great valley.
#2. The Amazon River
This is the 2nd longest and largest rivers in us south and North America continent and world. Apart from being the longest one, it is also the widest rivers in the world which measures seven miles at different places throughout its course. During the wet season, the river comprises of a width of 25 miles at different places.
The river has got its source in South America and the mouth of the river is in the Atlantic Ocean. Due to its enormous flow, it can easily account for at least 1/5th of the world’s complete flow. In fact, this 2nd longest and largest rivers in us south and North America continent and World River is so huge that you cannot cross the river with a bridge from one point to another.
#3. Yangtze River
This one is the 3rd largest and longest rivers in the Asia, Canada, Africa and world. It is also called the Chang Jiang or Yangzi River. There is no other river bigger than this in Asia. It stands third in the world in length. It starts from the mouth of the Tibetan plateau and crosses central and eastern China before merging with East China at Shanghai.
The discharge volume of this river is also among the largest in the world. It drains about 1/5th of the land of China with its flow. From the early era, the Chinese settlements have taken place around it. Today around 1/3td of China’s population live in this river basin.
#4. Mississippi River
Dams: Lake Itasca Stepping Stones / Dam, Vekin’s Dam, Ottertail Power Co. Dam, Knutson Dam, Winnibigoshish Lake Dam, Little Falls Dam, Blanchard Dam, Sartell Dam, St. Cloud DamSaint Anthony Falls Dam, Meeker Island Dam, Melvin Price Dam, Chain of Rocks Dam, Pokegama Dam, Blandin Paper Co. Dam, Potlatch Dam, Coon Rapids Dam, Saint Anthony Falls Dam.
This one is one of the largest and biggest rivers in the world by volume and km, having one of the largest drainage systems of Northern America. This river is as long as its name indeed. It flows into the US and rises from the Northern Minnesota.
From there it flows southwards into the Mississippi Delta about 2340 miles downward and finally empties into the Gulf of Mexico. On the way, it distributes into several tributaries. It is the 10th largest river in the world – in width. In length, it is the 4th largest in the world.
#5. Yenisei River
It is one of the largest rivers that empty into the Arctic Ocean. Its length is no less than 3445 miles. There are three Siberian rivers that flow into the Arctic Ocean but due to its length, it is the most popular among them. It rises from Mongolia and travels to Yenisei Gulf in the Kara Sea.
Along the way, it trails through a lot of Central Siberia and it forms one of the longest streams of the river system that trails along Yenisei-Angara-Selenga-Ider. For this reason, it is also called the Yenisei-Angara sometimes.
#6. Yellow River
The Yellow River proudly stands as the third longest river in Asia and it is the 6th longest river in the world with a length of 3395 miles. Hence it is no surprise that it chalks along 9 provinces before meeting with the Bohai Sea in the Shandong province in Dongying. It is also called the Huang He River. There is a sediment present in the river because of which it turns yellow – hence, the name Yellow River. This river supports many life forms including amphibians, reptiles, and others.
#7. Ob River
This is the 7th longest river in the world and it is about 3364 miles long. It is the longest river in Russia and the third largest in Asia. It forms because of the confluence of Altai Biya and Katun rivers. The Gulf of Ob is the longest estuary in the world.
Eventually this river, after tracing 16 miles along the southwest of Biysk, empties into the Arctic Ocean. Its tributaries have extended to China, Kazakhstan, and Mongolia too. The navigable basin of this river has a total length of 15,000 km. This basin holds huge importance for transportation in trans-Siberian Railway.
#8. Parana River
It flows in the Central South America and runs through Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay for about 4880 km. It is the second in length in South America (second only to Amazon River). The name of the river comes from “para rehe onava” meaning “like the sea”. This means that it is as big as the sea.
This river merges with the River Paraguay first and then further down it merges with the Uruguay River. But before that, it travels for about 619 km in the southwestern direction. At Saltos del Guaira, Paraguay, it fell over a series of seven cascades, where it formed the Iguazu Falls.
#9. Congo River
This is the deepest river in the world and the 9th longest too. However, by its volume discharge, it is the second largest in the world. It was called the “Zaire” River previously. The name “Zaire” comes from “nzadi o nzere” meaning “river swallowing rivers.”
During the 19th century, it got its English name Congo. This river is pretty navigable in sections. It can be called the most powerful river in entire Africa. During the rainy season, it drains about 50,000 cubic meters of water into the Atlantic Ocean. This river system is mainly known for its high diversity – there are 700 fish species residing in it.
#10. Amur River
This River rises in Western Manchuria. It flows eastwards and forms a border between Russia and China. The name ‘Amur’ means ‘rest’ in the Mongolian language. The part of it which flows in China is called the Black Dragon River. It also makes a great arc to the southeast and travels around 250 miles.
Along the way, it makes several tributaries and passes many small towns. It flows through the entire Northeast Asia. It is also the only river in the world which houses the subtropical Asian fish. Fishes like snakehead coexist here with the Arctic Siberian fish and as such it has a wide diversity.
Question And Answer
1. What is the biggest, longest and largest with fastest flowing rivers in the world and earth?
The biggest, longest and largest with fastest flowing rivers in the world and earth is the Nile.
What is the second and third longest river in the Asia, Canada, North America, South America, Southeast Asia, world?
List are as follows :
Second longest river in Asia – The Yellow River
Third longest river in Asia – The Mekong River
Second longest river in Canada – The Yukon River
Third longest river in Canada – Saint Lawrence River
Second longest river in North America – The Mississippi River
Third longest river in North America – The Missouri River
Second longest river in South America – The Rio Prana
Third longest river in South America – The Madeira
Second longest river in South East Asia – The Yellow River
Third longest river in South East Asia – The Mekong River
Second longest river in the world – The Amazon River
Third longest river in the world – The Yangtze River
Which is the fastest river in the world and Asia?– The fastest river in the world is the Amazon river.
We have brought you a list of longest and widest major rivers in the world. These rivers are majestic and each river is a mystery on its own. There are thousands of fish species residing in these rivers, which make it a wonder. Rivers have seen the rise and fall of empires and they still stand in their place with the same majestic flow.
These are some of the rivers that have still retained their flow and continue to be important rivers can be for the survival of mankind – even today. Since times immemorial, mankind has found food source along the rivers. They continue to provide us with the most basic elements needed for survival. Even today many livelihoods depend on these rivers.
These are some of the rivers which have just seen the most in their entire lifetime. Some of them have traveled through highs and lows and seen the ups and downs of the rocky pathways, yet they continue to maintain their long route.
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